Mountains, Active Volcanoes, and Craters Surrounding Bandung.
Bandung Dilingkung Gunung
This is a famous adage to describe Bandung's topography. Loosely translated from Basa Sunda (Sundanese language), it means Bandung is surrounded by mountains.
This old Sundanese saying is so true. Many mountains surround Bandung. They are:
- Mount Burangrang [2,064m], Mount Tangkuban Perahu [2,084m], Mount Bukittunggul [2,209m], Mount Palasari [1,600m], and Mount Manglayang [1,818m] in the north.
- Mount Bukit Jarian, Mount Geulis [1,291m], Mount Dusung, and Mount Kendan in the east.
- Mount Selacau, Mount Lagadar, Mount Bohong in the west.
- Mount Mandalawangi, Mount Rakutak, Mount Malabar [2,321m], Mount Patuha [2,434 m], and Mount Kendeng in the south.
Of all these mountains, Mount Tangkuban Perahu (Tangkuban Parahu in Basa Sunda) is the most famous. It because when the sky is clear, people in Bandung can see the flat top of the mountain that looks like an upturned boat. This unusual shape became a legend in the story of Sangkuriang.
Geologically speaking, the flat top of Mount Tangkuban Perahu is the result of several massive eruptions that created several craters. Presently, you can see Ratu (Queen) crater from the mouth of the volcano and walk inside Domas crater.
Mount Tangkuban Perahu is an active volcano. It erupted several times since its first recorded eruption in the 1600s. Although its last phreatic eruption was in 1969, over the years, there were several seismic activities. Whenever these seismic activities occurred, the mountain would be closed for any visitor.
Continue reading mount Tangkuban Perahu with its Queen and Domas crater ...
Where is Mount Sunda?
According to geologists, Mount Sunda erupted 105,000 years ago. The eruption was so massive that the mouth of this active volcano collapsed, resulted in an enormous caldera. The bottom of this caldera was Situ Lembang (Situ is a Sundanese word for a lake). Over the years, several mountains emerged inside the caldera of Mount Sunda. Among them were Mount Burangrang and the youngest mountain was Mount Tangkuban Perahu.
On the other side of Bandung, the most famous crater in the south is Kawah Putih (White Crater in English). However, not many people know that it is on the slope of Mount Patuha (2,434 m). Due to its beauty, Kawah Putih becomes one of Bandung must-see destination :)
Continue reading Kawah Putih ...
Driving further to the south, you will reach Situ Patenggang (situ is a Sundanese word for a lake).
Situ Patenggang looks so tranquil. You will not smell any trace of sulfur here. But in reality, Situ Patenggang is an ancient crater formed in the Pliocene Era, which is approximately 5.3 million to 2.58 million years BP (Before Present).
Continue reading Situ Patenggang and Glamping Lakeside Rancabali ...