The Chinese New Year
Tradition in Indonesia

Find out what's specials during Imlek, the Chinese New Year! | #ExploreSunda

Imlek is a celebration of Chinese New Year. In four seasons countries it is also popular as Spring Festival, to welcome the spring. Since it is based on lunar calendar, the date varies every year. This year we celebrate the Chinese New Year of 2574 on January 22, 2023.

There are twelve Chinese Zodiac: rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep/goat, monkey, rooster, dog, and pig. Each of the Chinese Zodiac has five elements: wood, metal, water, fire, and earth. These Chinese Zodiacs and their elements take turns every year, hence, the same combination will only happen every 60 years. This year is the time for Rabbit with the element of Water.

Imlek is the time for family gathering and wishes for a good health and prosperity. One of the Indonesian Chinese tradition on the Chinese new year eve is to have a family dinner. Some continues the festive by praying in the temple. On the new year day, the younger family member visit their parents and elder to greet them and children usually get hongbao, a red envelope filled with money. It represents the blessings from the elder to the young.

Usually people wear new clothes on the new year day and they prefer red ones. They believe red will keep them away from bad spirits and bad luck. They buy new clothes not only for their children but also for their parents and elders. Hence, nowadays the shopping malls take this opportunity to arrange midnight sale.

In addition to these imlek traditions, let’s explore special things that only happens during this festive :)

A set of lanterns depicting a pair of dragons adorn the Lantern Festival in Living World Mall.A set of lanterns depicting a pair of dragons adorn the Lantern Festival in Living World Mall.

There is something new and exciting to celebrate Imlek this year: a Lantern Festival! Starting mid-January 2023, Living World Mall in Alam Sutera, South Tangerang, set up many lanterns in its front parking lot. Mind you, they are not ordinary lanterns. You will see many mythical Chinese creatures on display. You bet the twelve Chinese zodiacs are there, with a massive rabbit lantern on the center stage. Two pairs of dragons (one pair on the top of the gate, and you will not miss the other pair because they are so big, standing between the two lobbies of the mall.) These lanterns use fairy lights, which will be turned on every day from dusk until late at night. It is a beautiful sight to see. This Lantern Festival is still on in February 2023; you might enjoy spending a Valentine's Day in a Lantern Festival :)

2023 is the year of Rabbit in Chinese calendar. Hence, this Rabbit lantern takes center stage in the circle of other Chinese zodiacs.2023 is the year of Rabbit in Chinese calendar. Hence, this Rabbit lantern takes center stage in the circle of other Chinese zodiacs.

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Lantern Festival in Living World Mall, Alam Sutera, South Tangerang to celebrate the Chinese New Year 2574.

Specials During Imlek

Basket Cake, Dodol Keranjang, and Nian Gao are some of the names of this special cake to celebrate Imlek / Chinese New Year.Special food during Imlek: Dodol Keranjang (Nian Gao).
Lion Dance, based on the Chinese myth during Imlek / Chinese New Year.Special performance during Imlek: Lion Dance.

The special food that only made and sold during Imlek is basket cakes, in Sunda we called it dodol keranjang or dodol China, or Nian Gao in mandarin. We called it basket cakes because we use a bamboo basket as a mold for the dough. The main ingredients of this cake are sticky rice and sugar, but now it has various flavors such as vanilla, chocolate and pandanus (the extract of pandanus leaves provides the green color and smells good). We can eat it as is, but many people prefers to steam it with shredded coconut or fries with beaten egg.

The special performances during Chinese New Year are lion dance and dragon dance. The Chinese believe these animals bring prosperity and push away the bad luck. 

The Dragon is carried by many people, since it has long body. Hence, it usually performs on the street.

Dragon, based on Chinese myth, often performs during Imlek / Chinese New Year.Special performance during Imlek: Dragon dance.

Lion dance is more popular, because nowadays almost every mall in Indonesia invites it. The lion is represented by 2 men under one hood. There are several varieties of the dance, they can dance on tables, on poles, they even can do moonwalk and gangnam style!

The most difficult style of lion dance is the pole lion dance. They dance and jump on 21 poles that have different height and range.

At the end of the show, we give hongbao to the lion, as our appreciation. Children love doing it :)

My favorite place to watch pole lion dance performance is at Living World Mall in Alam Sutera, South Tangerang. The group who always performs in this mall is Kong Ha Hong. They won several pole lion dance championships, both national and world championships. Their lions are always expressive and agile. Kong Ha Hong team is creative. They have an LED lion dance, a very bright one where its body is fully covered with LED. They perform many varieties of pole lion dance stunts, such as a drunken lion dance and the monkey king Sun Go Kong plays with the lion dance on top of the poles,  as well as a Gang Nam lion dance. One thing for sure, their lions always come in a pride, they never come alone :)

Look at the crowd! People are eagerly waiting for each of their performance.

Pole Lion Dance, some called it an extreme sport, others called it an art, but one thing for sure they are beautifully choreograph, jumping on top of high poles.A Pole Lion Dance performance always attracts crowds.

I have compiled their performances over the years and put some of the best pictures in sliders below. I hope you enjoy watching their performance as much as I do.  :)

Last but not least, I wish you a Happy Chinese New Year that brings good luck, good health and prosperity.

Happy Chinese New Year!

Presently, Imlek is one of the national holidays in Indonesia. Have you checked out the vacation spots all over Sunda? Explore the cities of Jakarta, Bandung, Bogor. Beautiful beaches and highlands are also great places for holiday too.

Things to do in Jakarta.
Puncak Pass.
Pangandaran beach.

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