The Legend of Ciung Wanara
A long time ago, Prabu Permana Di Kusumah [prabu means king in English] ruled Galuh kingdom. He had two wives. His first wive was Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum. His second wive was Nyimas Dewi Pengrenyep. They hadn’t had any heir yet.
One day the king wished to step down and become a hermit. He appointed his right hand minister named Aria Kebonan as his replacement with a condition that he didn’t touch the queens. Since Aria Kebonan wasn’t an heir, he told everybody that due to his supernatural power the king was able to rejuvenate himself and became ten years younger. Only five people who knew this agreement: the two kings, two queens and a senior officer named Uwa Batara Lengser. From then on, Aria Kebonan became king called Prabu Barma Wijaya and the former king Prabu Permana Di Kusumah left the kingdom to became a hermit.
Several months later, both queens dreamt of the moon fell on their laps. At that time that kind of dream meant the dreamer would soon have a child. The king didn’t know what to believe because he promised the former king he wouldn’t touch the queens. So, he ordered Uwa Batara Lengser to find a wise man to translate those dreams. The wise man was a hermit named Ajar Sukaresi. Unknown to the king, Ajar Sukaresi was the former king!
Being able to foresee the future, Ajar Sukaresi confirmed that both queens were pregnant. Each would have a son. Hearing this made the king furious. He stabbed Ajar Sukaresi with his kujang [kujang is a traditional Sundanese weapon], but it bent before it penetrated his body.
Then Ajar Sukaresi asked the king whether the king really wanted him to die. He died instantly upon the king’s confirmation. The king kicked the body with all of his might, it was thrown into a forest and the spirit became a dragon called Nagawiru.
The birth of two heirs
True to the prophecy, both queens were pregnant. One day, when the king was near Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum, her unborn baby warned King Barma Wijaya of his broken promises to the late king. The king was afraid when this unborn baby grew up he would take revenge of his murdered father, so he asked Nyimas Dewi Pengrenyep to help him getting rid of Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum’s baby.
Nine months after the wise man’s prophecy, Nyimas Dewi Pengrenyep gave birth to a handsome son. He was named Hariang Banga.
On the other hand, Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum was pregnant for twelve months. When it was time to give birth, Nyimas Dewi Pengrenyep helped her deliver a baby boy. But she swapped the baby with a pup. She put the baby in a basket [Sundanese often refers it as kandaga] along with a chicken egg then floated it on Citanduy river.
When the king found out Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum gave birth to a pup instead of a baby, he ordered Uwa Batara Lengser to kill her. The officer felt sorry for the queen, so he took her to a forest and built her a shack. It was the same forest where Nagawiru, the spirit of the queen's late husband in the form of a dragon, resided.
After a while the basket carrying the baby prince was found by an elderly couple called Aki and Nini Balagantrang (aki is Sundanese word for a grandfather and nini for a grandmother). They lived at Geger Sunten village on the riverbank of Citanduy. Looking at the basket and the baby blanket, the couple believed he was a royal family. When they heard the incident of Nyimas Dewi Naganingrum, they believed the baby was her son. Aki and Nini Balagantrang raised this baby boy.